Both Mir and Wayland are at the same area of development. On the other side of the coin, GNOME on Xorg Fedora experience was way better. Org, Wayland or GBA - as long as there is the gdm3 logon-screen with a timed login and starting kodi even. Previous post. Ikkunointisovelluksen referenssitoteutuksen nimi on Weston. Close • Posted by 1 If Xorg is working out for you then don't worry so much about it. Mir, Canonical's home-spun alternative to Wayland, had been billed as the future of Ubuntu's convergence play. No Xorg necessary. By default the Ubuntu 20. If wayland solves a problem for you then you'll know about. libinput is a low-level library to. By the looks of it, history is repeating itself once again. Fedora with NVidia on XOrg (not on Wayland) worked ok for me (F26, 25 and earlier). Das Wikiteam freut sich über Deine Hilfe und steht Dir bei Fragen gerne zur Verfügung. Mir 和 Wayland 等 X11 替代品,相比 X11 有哪些具体的优点? 我用过很长时间的Linux桌面,深感xwindow稳定性太差,最多也就是win98的水准。 那么新的Mir以及Wayland等X Server机制的优越性主要体现在什么方面呢?. This also removes editing of the xorg. There are already xwayland patches for xorg that make it run as a wayland client instead of. Wayland, are not tracked in the Wayland Patchwork. I'm not in charge of anything but from this position, it seems like we're still a metric Nvidia away from getting real traction. X is the old standard and will be more stable and less buggy, Wayland is the next generation, and will quickly replace X. This is why redshift doesn't work in Wayland. (Wayland vs Xorg). Look for the Wayland variable first. GNOME Classic desktop environment on Debian 10 also runs on Wayland display server. If we discuss about Wayland here, we need to compare to Xorg and what we actually do have with that (mess). Full Desktop Environments. in such a case, Wayland will continue to > support legacy Xorg server architecture, but ONLY for DRI3. 12 brings improved support for wayland. Org, Wayland or GBA - as long as there is the gdm3 logon-screen with a timed login and starting kodi even. 7, released May 19, 2020. I'm a great fan of the concept 'perfect frames'. Today I've released sway. XWayland välisovellus on X-palvelinsovelluksen versio, joka renderöi Wayland-rajapinnalle sallien taaksepäin yhteensopivuuden olemassa olevien. Same for the Colour picker. FAQs - Frequently Asked Questions Another commonly used way to configure libinput is to have xorg. The compositor uses Linux APIs such as KMS and evdev directly, and EGL is used for rendering. If wayland solves a problem for you then you'll know about. Void Linux a PowerPC/Power architektura, část 2; Raptor Blackbird; Nedari se nastavit primarni monitor v xorg. Still uses Xorg extensively: Xorg since 18. This is probably missing a lot. custom spaces between and around windows. The default Ubuntu 18. However, in order to actually "support X", a display server needs to support every function in the protocol. 3 seconds reported by systemd when using the GNOME Shell on X. I've been running GNOME Wayland on Arch on my dual-gpu laptop for a while now, and really love the lightweight performance of Wayland compared to Xorg. Close • Posted by 1 If Xorg is working out for you then don't worry so much about it. But on default session it is. Windows are arranged into a grid by default which maximizes the. Wayland, are not tracked in the Wayland Patchwork. 0" when Xorg 7. Much like Devuan exists because some people disliked systemd, a Xorg fork will certainly be made because there will be people who dislike Wayland. Talvez se os jogos fossem portados para full Wayland, teria alguma diferença, mas como não existe (eu não tenho conhecimento de algum) a única comparação é Xorg vs Xwayland, que dá praticamente na mesma. Some people want to use nested compositors, which you would bypass. This does not hardcode the 96 DPI resolution. ARM Mali Midgard GPU driver packages in Debian (work in progress) The ARM Mali Midgard GPU series include all the devices from Mali-T to APIs and graphical mali t604 xorg systems (X11, Wayland/DRM, GLES It is highly. Пока полностью Wayland работает лишь в Gnome оболочке. Note: Ignore compiler warning messages. Luckily I still have a wor. На чём писать гуй под wayland? (2016) Форум Wayland - WTF? (2011) Форум Переход с X. So far as most Linux users are concerned, Wayland is the project that is eventually supposed to replace the X Window System (X). NetBSD is a free, fast, secure, and highly portable Unix-like Open Source operating system. custom spaces between and around windows. Author Topic: wayland vs mir vs xorg vs X11 ? (Read 4506 times) Fred vS. 1) Wayland isn't a replacement for all of X. By the looks of it, history is repeating itself once again. Xorg Vs Wayland I don’t want to write another Wiki article on the technical differences between the two Instead, I will point out the major difference between the two drivers. 3 x64, can be installed, and can run as a standalone Wayland compositor inside X11. 到目前为止,我们在FreeBSD系统里面使用x-server是:xorg-server。除此之外还有其他的商业的x-server,但是目前在FreeBSD上以及Linux这些自由的开源系统上使用的x-server主要是由xorg提供的xorg-server。所以,如果你想在自己的FreeBSD运行X,那么x-server是必须的。. I found that the issue seems to occur on all versions of Guest Additions from 5. Both on Debian 10 and Fedora 31. conf configuration file, and installing the xf86-video-intel port is optional. Wayland de Fedora 25 utilizará partes de Xorg cuando no funcione Así podemos decir que el usuario final no tendrá un Wayland puro en su máquina aunque no debería de notar la diferencia entre Fedora 25 y Fedora 23, al menos en el aspecto gráfico, ya que Wayland ofrece mayor seguridad en el funcionamiento del servidor y no una mayor rapidez. Linux Mint 18 will have Wayland (and Mir) included in the repos but it will use X. A well knwon Linux website published a “benchmark” about Plasma Wayland vs Plasma Xorg vs Gnome Shell (Wayland and Xorg). 1 point · 1 month ago. org on the update from 17. Wayland is enabled by default in the GNOME Desktop. Nutz doch grundsätzlich xorg, und gut is. Wayland is a protocol for a compositor to talk to its clients as well as a C library implementation of that protocol. Otherwise, it'll run wayland properly. With each passing year, the Linux desktop ecosystem shifts and morphs from one darling to the next. 12 release has support for Wayland and the GNOME shell. Wayland is a protocol that tells programs how they should appear on your screen, based on your actions (such as moving a window around or clicking a button). Wayland on näytönhallintajärjestelmä, joka on suunniteltu korvaamaan X Window System (X-Windows). It should be possible to select Xorg instead of Wayland, on the login screen. It also allows users to switch between Wayland and Xorg simply by re-opening Blender allowing people to narrow down if a bug is caused by the wayland implementation or a user interface design issue with Blender assuming there isn't issues with Xwayland. ii xserver-common 2:1. GNOME Classic is a traditional desktop layout with a similar interface to GNOME, using pre-activated extensions and parameters. I've been running GNOME Wayland on Arch on my dual-gpu laptop for a while now, and really love the lightweight performance of Wayland compared to Xorg. Enlightenment started out way back in 1996 as a project to build a Window Manager for X11. Org, Wayland or GBA - as long as there is the gdm3 logon-screen with a timed login and starting kodi even. Wayland offers many benefits over the X display server such as dealing with bottleneck between clients and Linux kernel. however the Xorg stops working on me im not really using Ubuntu so i didnt look much on the issue, but if you have Arch you can follow this wiki, that will work both for X and Wayland. Kernel mode setting on the nvidia-drm module has been disabled by default for various reasons. It's definetely the Wayland/Xorg problem you are facing. That’s the same display server used on Ubuntu 16. 04 LTS每日構建版使用Xorg而不是Wayland. Next install a Window Manager: sudo apt-get install openbox. I'm not going to tour all the different DEs (especially given I have been drinking the Wayland kool aid for long time now) but I can certainly confirm that "GNOME on Xorg" sessions work just fine. Each and every single application is a “client,” and your video hardware is a “server. 1: In Xorg sessions everything was one frame laggier than in Wayland sessions "The issue was caused by scheduling the next frame too early most of the time (opposite of the previous issue. So far as most Linux users are concerned, Wayland is the project that is eventually supposed to replace the X Window System (X). This is the reason why some applicatons or programs might not run when using Wayland. From the Razer Blade Stealth laptop with Intel Core i7 7500U Kabylake processor and HD Graphics 620, I ran some quick tests of the near-final. ARM Mali Midgard GPU driver packages in Debian (work in progress) The ARM Mali Midgard GPU series include all the devices from Mali-T to APIs and graphical mali t604 xorg systems (X11, Wayland/DRM, GLES It is highly. Hat mit xorg vs. Org Foundation announced support for the Wayland display server Protocol. Especially relevant: most actual Screen Recording Software is Not Working on Wayland Screen Compositor as default for Fedora 31 Gnome. Wayland is widely regarded as the future, and you can still switch to it by clicking the gear icon on the sign-in screen and selecting "Ubuntu on Wayland" instead of the default "Ubuntu" session, which uses Xorg. By design, Wayland is a lot more secure than X11 and does not allow one application to capture the content of other applications' windows, meanignath a X11 based screenshot tool cannot work underWayland/Xwayland. I've been running GNOME Wayland on Arch on my dual-gpu laptop for a while now, and really love the lightweight performance of Wayland compared to Xorg. However, the Xorg display server is still installed by default and the default display manager allows users to choose Xorg as the display server for their next session. $ tail -f -s 4 /var/log/Xorg. Fedora 20 sarà la prima distribuzione a fornire una sessione dedicata al nuovo server grafico open source Wayland. Wayland compositor — a display server that implements the Wayland protocol and serves analogously to how a compositing window manager does for Xorg. Like most free software projects it is loosely. [email protected]:). A implementação inicial, principalmente libwayland-server, libwayland-client, libwayland-EGL e a implementação de. Es beschreibt die Kommunikation zwischen einem Display-Server und seinen Clients (üblicherweise die Anwendungen des Nutzers). The vast majority of native applications that exist now were written for Xorg. The CentOS 8 desktop with Wayland and X. Software & Operating Systems. X11 vs Wayland. View the file list for libglvnd. This is due to many bugs and problems in the Wayland session that faced ordinary users from time to time, such as being unable to open GUI applications as root, do screen sharing, weird crashes and many compatibility issues with. sway try grim. xlsclients command lists programs using XWayland. in shows a black screen with a pixel randomly moving. Wayland is a simpler, modern Xorg-sever replacement that is, to quote its official website, "easier to develop and maintain". ORG DEVELOPER CONFERENCE 2014 Security in Wayland-Based DEs Privileged Clients, LibWSM and Security UIs Steve Dodier-Lazaro s. Gnome/KDE/Xfce and other window managers / desktop environments are special applications that run in X that draw things like borders and icons and. No wayland by měl být hlavně výkonově méně náročný, takže nárust by měl být všude, to už je na ovládačích. 2 • wayland dealbreaker (by linuxista on 2019-09-16 02:56:26 GMT from United States) Gnome on wayland is somewhat crashy, whereas Gnome on Xorg is rock solid. That is the extent of general knowledge, although that doesn't stop people talking - which is why Daniel Stone, a long-time developer of. Every single time Xorg - as crappy as it may be - came out on top. The evil afterall is Canonical that in this delicate phase of transition choose to not help the development of wayland. You have to use the screenshot program that comes with the particular Wayland compositor you are using or one that has explicit support for it. I'm not going to tour all the different DEs (especially given I have been drinking the Wayland kool aid for long time now) but I can certainly confirm that "GNOME on Xorg" sessions work just fine. Wayland marche bien sous gnome, il n'est pas abouti mais je n'ai toujours pas eu de bugs. AFAIK GTK4 will be Wayland-only and out in a few months, and some bleeding edge distros such as Fedora already run Wayland out of the box, except if you have NVIDIA, because Xwayland is still crap under nv; but not for long, apparently there's some rumours and intention to improve the nv/xwayland situation, just nothing concrete out yet [1]. Using Alt F2 → "r" states that "Restart is not available on Wayland". Wayland will be faster then xorg as the protocal stack has far fewer hoops to jump through then xorg does. broken copy-paste into and from clipboard. Both Mir and Wayland are at the same area of development. 04 "Trusty Tahr" getestet. Wayland has a lot of problems, but they're adoption problems. currently, plasma-wayland contains many bugs and less features in total than plasma-xorg (simply called "plasma"). If you want to try it out install the gnome-session-wayland package. 1) Wayland isn't a replacement for all of X. Hice una instalación limpia de Cosmic y elegí la opción de instalación mínima, pero me gustaría probar Wayland. However, the Xorg display server is still installed by default and the default display manager allows users to choose Xorg as the display server for their next session. This is why redshift doesn't work in Wayland. After fixing the two little bits I mentioned earlier, this new port builds on 10. Snaps are applications packaged with all their dependencies to run on all popular Linux distributions from a single build. Read full post. Wayland is intended as a simpler replacement for X, easier to develop and maintain. 08:23 Yaniel: I'd put toolkits as an alternative path to the GL stuff 08:24 Yaniel: and highlight the fact that Xorg is split into multiple parts which wayland is not 08:26 SardemFF7: There’s already the highlight, X got 3 boxes talking via IPC 08:26 SardemFF7: and GL can be used via toolkits too 08:26 SardemFF7: (SDL count as toolkit, or. Wayland is enabled by default in the GNOME Desktop. pod tento článek bych se velmi ráda podepsala. This release is composed of various modules which have their own version number (each module started at version "1. Der Server wird Wayland-Compositor genannt, da er zusätzlich die Funktion eines Composition-Window-Manager übernimmt. startx, GDM, etc. Wayland also permits running an X11 server inside itself, so you also always have the option of just running X11 clients on top of the server. org ma nuove ottimizzazioni e driver dedicati potrebbero ben presto fornire ottimi risultati. 10 was the addition of Wayland as the default display server. Wayland will be a successor of Xorg, while Mir is a totally different Project. Mir is a computer display server and, recently, a Wayland compositor for the Linux operating system that is under development by Canonical Ltd. Конфигурация Xorg использовалась по умолчанию, для Wayland была выставлена переменная окружения SDL_VIDEODRIVER = Wayland. Ubuntu 18 LTS's primary concern was of stability. 10 and vice versa. Aus meiner Sicht Einfach geht anders! So isset. GNOME already works well on Wayland (if you use Ubuntu GNOME you even an optional Wayland session already installed) and future versions of the desktop environment will refine and finesse this support further. Wayland is the default display server instead of the Xorg server in RHEL 8 XFS now supports shared copy-on-write data extents nftables replaces iptables as the default network filtering framework Python 3. Xorg -configure crashes with a "Segmentation fault"; it is a known defect. So there is no reason to bench mir vs x. 04 LTS: Wayland: Support for 32-bit systems: Still supports 32-bit: No support: Dropped 32-bit support: User friendliness: Designed to make it easy to use Arch Linux: Highly user friendly: Highly user friendly: Documentation: A good documentation backed by Arch’s: Due to its maturity, getting help is. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. Хочу сравнить Wayland и X11. Wayland tries to put it all back together in a simpler (more efficient) way. I'm about to build a new desktop workstation with gaming on the side, using a 2700x and likely an AMD gpu. [email protected]:). 11, RebeccaBlackOS, Arch. Add the IgnoreABI directive by default on Fedora rawhide builds. However, while the actual actions like dragging a window run smoother than with xorg. If we discuss about Wayland here, we need to compare to Xorg and what we actually do have with that (mess). Where the Wayland libraries are all about IPC, Mir is about producing a library to do the drudge work of a display-server-compositor-window-manager-thing, so in this way it's more like Xorg than Wayland. Posted: Fri Mar 10, 2017 1:38 pm Post subject: Blocked Package: xorg-drivers-* vs xf86-video-virtua{SOLVED} Hi Guys, Has anyone run into this problem below? and if so, what would you recommend in solving these conflicts. What is Wayland? Wayland is a small display server protocol and IPC library which is considered to have the chance to replace X11 as primary windowing system. Но он все еще находится в активной разработке и не совсем готов к постоянному использованию. Wayland est le successeur de Xorg et est approuvé et en partie développé par l'équiêpe de xorg qui est d'accord pour dire que Xorg n'est plus assez adapté niveau fonctionnement inter (30 d'existance) et est trop difficile a continuer de maintenir. 2013년 3월 즈음에 우분투를 배포하고 있는 캐노니컬(Canonical)에서 뜬금없이 Mir 라는 새로운 윈도우 서버 기술을 발표하였다. Hice una instalación limpia de Cosmic y elegí la opción de instalación mínima, pero me gustaría probar Wayland. after restarting you will get the Wayland option on GDM. As more and more Linux distributions are moving away from the legacy X. 16 FreeBSD 13. Buenas a todos, Tras un post que habla sobre elive y me trajo el tema de enlightenment , urgando por las últimas versiones de enlightenment ya tiene implementado de manera casi completa y nativa el soporte para wayland y inclusive un soporte parcial para xwayland (app's que usan xlib,xorg sobre layman). Xorg (and the earlier Xfree, and earlier X10) is a server for a protocol more completely called the X Window System; it allows applications to draw on "the screen". A well knwon Linux website published a “benchmark” about Plasma Wayland vs Plasma Xorg vs Gnome Shell (Wayland and Xorg). Enlightenment started out way back in 1996 as a project to build a Window Manager for X11. On Fri, 26 Apr 2019 at 10:50:10 +0100, Jonathan Dowland wrote: > On the subject of Wayland's readiness to be the default Debian desktop display > system for Buster, I've just filed #928002 to track problems with drag-and-drop > between X and non-X applications under Wayland (presently filed against firefox > but I think it probably belongs somewhere else). Форум Wayland vs Mir (2014) Форум Wayland: shm vs egl. 18 in Arch, dunno what about other distros. I'm eager to see your coming work @auntieNeo. 4GB, CPU 的平均負載約為 4-5%。Xorg(截圖 2)占用了同樣大小的內存,處理器消耗了全部性能的 3-4%,單純從數字上來看少了一小點。但是 Xorg 會話的體驗卻好得多。雖然只是毫秒級的差距,但你能感受得到。. Fixed a bug that caused some DRM PRIME configurations to fail when DRM KMS was enabled (i. GNOME Classic is a traditional desktop layout with a similar interface to GNOME, using pre-activated extensions and parameters. Org session. I annonceringen af den kommende 18. Or logout and login to restart the session if you're using Wayland. X11 vs Wayland. Xorg will do pretty much everything you'd want, with the potential of being slightly less secure in some particular conditions which may not even be relevant on your machine. Пока полностью Wayland работает лишь в Gnome оболочке. 3-1 armhf X. Org Server by default. As an Xorg user, I really struggle to come up with compelling reasons to switch. Wayland is not very stable when compared with Xorg, as it is relatively new. El problema del mundillo Linux es que somos incapaces de matar nada…, Xorg debio morir hace ya 10 años, pero seguimos arrastrando y parcheando y lo que es peor, confundiendo a la gente dando a entender que Xorg se puede. The following applies only to Wayland. That’s the same display server used on Ubuntu 16. Tive que voltar ao Xorg. Wenn sich das Programm nun erst gar nicht öffnen lässt unter wayland, dann wird es natürlich noch mal doofer. 1 is released. A well knwon Linux website published a “benchmark” about Plasma Wayland vs Plasma Xorg vs Gnome Shell (Wayland and Xorg). Guess I'll have to wait for some more optimizations. 2019-08-11 10:43 gksu, root, ubuntu, wayland 如何在Ubuntu 17. Wayland is intended as a simpler replacement for X, easier to develop and maintain. Parece que no tengo servidores xorg. This page is powered by a knowledgeable community that helps you make an informed decision. wayland 나온지 10년 정도 되었습니다. Nutz doch grundsätzlich xorg, und gut is. Hice una instalación limpia de Cosmic y elegí la opción de instalación mínima, pero me gustaría probar Wayland. Currently KDE still uses X11 and although there is a plasma-wayland session available, it is not considered stable or bugfree at this time. 100+ Linux Benchmarks Between The AMD Ryzen 7 4700U vs. So yes wayland is running a fully featured desktop session inside X11. The output in one step is the starting point for the following step. It combines ease of use, contemporary functionality. Every single time Xorg - as crappy as it may be - came out on top. 10, released in October 2017, ships with the Wayland based graphics server as the default and […]. Then I thought perhaps the change from Wayland from X. This benchmark should be entitled XMir vs Xorg…. Xwayland is the third option which is running Wayland on the X server. It uses this code when a user performs user-switching to an already started session. ~~~~~ GNOME с Wayland у меня работает нормально, но вот с Plasma есть некоторые баги:. XWayland provides a compatibility layer to seamlessly run legacy X11 applications in Wayland. На чём писать гуй под wayland? (2016) Форум Wayland - WTF? (2011) Форум Переход с X. But on default session it is. black animation type screen appeared and login screen again comed back. Start the program redshift-gtk instead of redshift, with the same arguments as you would pass to redshift. Brief: This quick tutorial shows you how to go back to Xorg from Wayland in Ubuntu and vice versa. I have tried Gnome 3. You are probably using GDM for logins. 11, RebeccaBlackOS, Arch. Full Desktop Environments. Here are the best Window Managers out there for Wayland running on GNU/Linux The big switch from X11 to Wayland is already underway, but you might not even notice, unless you're using a big desktop environment like GNOME. 26 Shell session taking just 22. Basically most games use XWayland so most comparison are Xorg vs Xorg under Wayland. Still uses Xorg extensively: Xorg since 18. log is an important indicator about the problem. My Name Is Khan Ringtone M In Bollywood Hindi 245. Have any of you guys installed fluxbox on CentOS 8 and if so have you installed xorg-x11-server-Xwayland and run fluxbox in a wayland session, does it work, is it as good ?. Fedora with NVidia on XOrg (not on Wayland) worked ok for me (F26, 25 and earlier). , Goal Setting Apr 29 2020 cblack renamed T13060: Colour Picking on Wayland from Colour picking on Wayland to Colour Picking on Wayland. Every single time Xorg - as crappy as it may be - came out on top. Mir 마냥 폭망했으면 좋겠습니다. GNOME Classic is a traditional desktop layout with a similar interface to GNOME, using pre-activated extensions and parameters. In other words, > backward compatibility for X11 clients on Wayland server is supported, but > ONLY for DRI3. It basically copies the buffers of the client on the screen. Wayland is a protocol for a compositor to talk to its clients as well as a C library implementation of that protocol. conf file from the package scriptlets. If wayland solves a problem for you then you'll know about. 10 Xorg ud med Wayland som standard display server, og så var Xorg et tilvalg man kunne gøre under loginskærmen. You won’t find any difference while using Wayland and Xorg as both works great but it becomes clear when you will do a graphic intense activity which I will describe below. I think the following line in Xorg. It'd make sense for Valve to wait until proprietary drivers has the necessary support, and until the major DE's has Wayland fully integrated, and maybe even until the Wayland/Mir battle has played out. Each and every single application is a "client," and your video hardware is a "server. Xorg being older than Wayland is more developed and has better extensibility. Wayland Compared To The X Display Server. Every single time Xorg - as crappy as it may be - came out on top. Wayland is used automatically on systems where it's supported. After updating, reboot Arch Linux to apply the latest updates. 04 LTS每日構建版使用Xorg而不是Wayland. me/padoka. In fact, the Gnome shell seems to even work better with Wayland than Xorg - but every now and then I come across an app or two that will run only on a Xorg session e. May get better once its wayland-only, but its not expected to - since wayland is bitmap-based. 1: In Xorg sessions everything was one frame laggier than in Wayland sessions "The issue was caused by scheduling the next frame too early most of the time (opposite of the previous issue. That's probably the better side of a year (though we are seeing initial support from some DE's (KDE 4. GNOME on Xorg runs GNOME Shell using Xorg. Konqueror is more than a web browser as it is also a file manager and a multimedia viewer. Supports gaps i. log ; Any other details that may be relevant ; Known Issues. I also break down what the differences are between them and my personal experiences with each. OpenBSD is freely available from our download sites. Wayland 是一個通信 ^ Ubuntu 18. This is a bug fix release. 1/ xserver-xorg-input-synaptics cherry-picked an upstream commit[2]. I'm eager to see your coming work @auntieNeo. I also break down what the differences are between them and my personal experiences with each. If you need incoming remote control, you have to sign in with classic Xorg. The display server is a big and complex part of the system and it takes many years to move from one technology to another, especially given there is so much different hardware involved and a lot of resistance to the change. On Fri, 26 Apr 2019 at 10:50:10 +0100, Jonathan Dowland wrote: > On the subject of Wayland's readiness to be the default Debian desktop display > system for Buster, I've just filed #928002 to track problems with drag-and-drop > between X and non-X applications under Wayland (presently filed against firefox > but I think it probably belongs somewhere else). Therefore, Wayland compositors should use Xwayland, the X11 server that lives in the Xorg server source code repository and shares most of the implementation with the Xorg server. The Wayland session will still be available, pre-installed, for people to use, but for our 'out of the box' users the Ubuntu experience needs to be stable and provide the features they have come to expect and use in daily life and Xorg is the best choice here, at least for 18. *With GNOME 3. Both on Debian 10 and Fedora 31. 10 , ubuntu , wayland , xorg. This is the reason why some applicatons or programs might not run when using Wayland. Org Developers For Now Still Planning To Meet In Poland. and changed the setting to ‘lightdm’-Xorg. If you wish to use libinput under Wayland, there is nothing to do for installation. Wayland是一个简单的“显示服务器”(Display Server),与X Window属于同一级的事物,而不是仅仅作为X Window下X Server的替代(注:X Window下分X Server和X Client)。. In this BSD Now episode, hosts Allan Jude and Kris moore discuss Wayland and Xorg support on FreeBSD, OpenBSD ARM64 support, the chacha20 ciper, and more. com/wayland-vs-xorg/. me/padoka. That’s the same display server used on Ubuntu 16. Cómo pasar de XORG a Wayland En Ubuntu 17. The Real Story Behind Wayland and X - Daniel Stone (linux. 24: 리눅스 한글사용 관련 문제 (0) 2014. 10 they did suggest that they might flip-flop back to Xorg for Ubuntu 18. As a result, if gnome-shell crashes under Wayland, the entire user session is terminated unexpectedly. So there is no reason to bench mir vs x. This is due to many bugs and problems in the Wayland session that faced ordinary users from time to time, such as being unable to open GUI applications as root, do screen sharing, weird crashes and many compatibility issues with. However, while the actual actions like dragging a window run smoother than with xorg. Summary: [Wayland] libvdpau fails on (X) Created attachment 1122383 an outdated /var/log/Xorg. Marginally less in sheer numbers. Fedora with NVidia on XOrg (not on Wayland) worked ok for me (F26, 25 and earlier). When libinput is used with the xf86-input-libinput driver in an X. Tive que voltar ao Xorg. 你一定已经查看了很多远程桌面的复制粘贴文章,稀里糊涂的配置了一大堆,可能连得上也可能连不上,这里记录了确定可以工作的一个解决方案,希望能帮到你。我这边因为需要vmplayer这个软件,此软件一定需要一个gui…. Wayland is not very stable when compared with Xorg, as it is relatively new. By making clients responsible for all of their rendering, Wayland makes it possible for clients to be smarter about things like double-buffering. Bug 1305699 - [Wayland] libvdpau fails on (X)Wayland, trying to load libvdpau_nvidia. Xorg is FLOSS after all. На чём писать гуй под wayland? (2016) Форум Wayland - WTF? (2011) Форум Переход с X. It doesn't have to be GNOME Here are the best Window Managers out there for Wayland running on GNU/Linux The big switch from X11 to Wayland is already underway, but you might not even notice, unless you're using a big desktop environment like GNOME. Org Developers For Now Still Planning To Meet In Poland. I also break down what the differences are between them and my personal experiences with each. The Real Story Behind Wayland and X - Daniel Stone (linux. 但是用VirtualBox安装RHEL 8却遇到一个问题,RHEL 8启用了wayland作为默认显示管理器,但是VirtualBox却没有成熟的DRM驱动——只能还是用Xorg。那么RHEL 8怎么从wayland切换回Xorg呢?. just falling back to a plain software timer (which is what our current implementation ends up as 99% of the time anyway—IIRC, only the basic compositor correctly drives the synchronization mechanism). So there is no equivalent. Org на Wayland (2018) Новости Wayland запущен без прослойки X. Wayland est un protocole de serveur d'affichage, ainsi qu'une bibliothèque logicielle libre disponible sur les systèmes d'exploitation GNU/Linux. If wayland solves a problem for you then you'll know about. Recently there have also been issues with the mailing list that have made the email. 04 release I ran various gaming/graphics benchmarks looking at different desktops and X. Wayland - Page 2. We also need a client to view the guest. Wenn wayland buggy / unausgegoren ist, und so sieht es ja aus, warum dann nutzen. Otherwise, it'll run wayland properly. Wayland (screenshot 1) gives us 1. root:~# glmark2-es2-drm. FAQs - Frequently Asked Questions Another commonly used way to configure libinput is to have xorg. 22, I'm having problems with my icons, my desktop icons/folders and some applications that don't support wayland. I have been tinkering with it a bit. 4GB, CPU 的平均负载约为 4-5%。Xorg(截图 2)占用了同样大小的内存,处理器消耗了全部性能的 3-4%,单纯从数字上来看少了一小点。但是 Xorg 会话的体验却好得多。虽然只是毫秒级的差距,但你能感受得到。. X11 linux, wayland, x11, xorg. The first option, "X should stay and those limitations/bugs should be fixed" is not possible without breaking backwards compatibility, which is one of the main reasons why the Xorg developers decided to do a new start with Wayland. Supports most of i3’s features e. 34 a big improvement DID already happen: You can start graphical apps with root privileges again. The display server is a big and complex part of the system and it takes many years to move from one technology to another, especially given there is so much different hardware involved and a lot of resistance to the change. Wayland development is also much more active and if Debian opted to go with it I'm okay with it, too. That's right - after sway 0. Es beschreibt die Kommunikation zwischen einem Display-Server und seinen Clients (üblicherweise die Anwendungen des Nutzers). 15-rc1, the first release candidate for the final 0. Det betyder at Xorg vil være standard display server, og så vil Wayland være et tilvalg under. So yes wayland is running a fully featured desktop session inside X11. xorg, wayland 둘다 속도도 비슷비슷하고(오히려 wayland 가 조금 더 느림), 불편한 것도 비슷비슷하지만, xorg 보다 불안한 wayland 라는 뻘짓 왜 하고 있는 건지 도무지 이해가 되지 않습니다. The mouse works. The Wayland protocol implements a lot of security restrictions that Xorg did not. 04 with a bottom panel, GnoMenu and a hotcorner at the bottom left corner. mesa, drm, and - yes - wayland. Men hvad er egentlig en display server, hvad er forskellen på dem og hvilken er bedst. X Window System(エックスウィンドウシステム、別称:「X11」・「X」など→名称については後述)とは、ビットマップディスプレイ上でウィンドウシステムを提供する表示プロトコルである。. Org X server -- input driver metapackage ii xserver-xorg-input-evdev 1:2. There are already xwayland patches for xorg that make it run as a wayland client instead of. 04 owing to fact that it is an LTS. Org stack, these options are read on startup and apply to each device. 12: 리눅스가 게임플랫폼? 리눅스에서 게임하는 이야기 그리고 SteamOS이야기 (2) 2014. Basically most games use XWayland so most comparison are Xorg vs Xorg under Wayland. It shows numbers, that’s it. The login screen comes with GNOME (running on Wayland), GNOME Classic and GNOME on Xorg options for you to choose. A certain Lennart decided to break what's been working very well prior and Wayland still is in rough shape so Xorg is here to stay for a long time. log I am running GDM as display manager and Gnome 3 or KDE Plasma as desktop environments, so there is no recent /var/log/Xorg. Sobre o desempenho bruto comparando FPS, creio não existir, pelo fato de ainda estar usando o X no Wayland. and changed the setting to ‘lightdm’-Xorg. Wayland is a whole lot smaller and safer than Xorg. Wayland(截图 1)空闲时的内存占用为 1. 2018 update. 2 LTS guest on a Windows 8. Windows are arranged into a grid by default which maximizes the. org X Display Server? The short answer: a lot. Me parece também que o sistema fica um pouco mais ágil com o Xorg. The core idea is that all windows are redirected, we can do all rendering client side and. i tried again but not working. It combines ease of use, contemporary functionality. Fixed a bug that caused some DRM PRIME configurations to fail when DRM KMS was enabled (i. In fact it is same to me if kodi is running on X. A Wayland hello-world can connect and display things. , X-GDM-Session-Type=wayland. Lycanthropist March 10,. custom spaces between and around windows. Unfortunately, the login screen changed and I cannot type anything in the password box now. The most notable one is switching to use GNOME’s Xorg session instead of Wayland (as it was in Ubuntu 17. Umożliwia uproszczenie procesu wyświetlania grafiki w systemach uniksowych poprzez połączenie w jednej aplikacji menedżera kompozycji oraz systemu okien. This page is powered by a knowledgeable community that helps you make an informed decision. 15 will be sway 1. This meant that people who use distributions that stay close to upstream, like Fedora 25, have been left without a working VNC or even an RDP server for almost a full year. Linux Mint 18 will have Wayland (and Mir) included in the repos but it will use X. If you wish to use libinput with Xorg, install the xf86-input-libinput package, which is "a thin wrapper around libinput and allows for libinput to be used. Org stack, these options are read on startup and apply to each device. The vast majority of native applications that exist now were written for Xorg. Next, Install X Window System (xorg) using command: $ sudo pacman -S xorg xorg. Sway is a tiling Wayland compositor and a drop-in replacement for the i3 window manager for X11. Wayland est un protocole de serveur d'affichage, ainsi qu'une bibliothèque logicielle libre disponible sur les systèmes d'exploitation GNU/Linux. 04 "Trusty Tahr" getestet. So we'll have to see what part of the much higher score is part of the Mali-G52MP GPU, and which part is the use of Wayland over Xorg/X11. Wayland is the default display server instead of the Xorg server in RHEL 8 XFS now supports shared copy-on-write data extents nftables replaces iptables as the default network filtering framework Python 3. This is pretty much the reason *for* Wayland -- whether you use Xorg or Wayland you have support for all the excess eyecandy (not that you have to use it), but Xorg is an exponentially growing pile of add-ons while Wayland has the features planned from day one, plus it's even smaller than that, because it lets the kernel do the heavy lifting of. A verdade é que o Wayland ainda estar em desenvolvimento mas também tem um grande investimento nele, acredito que ele se torne o padrão no KDE e no Gnome acho que já é mas depende da distribuição, o Wayland é ótimo para testar mas não recomendo usar ele "full-time", e em tese sim tudo que o velho Xorg faz o Wayland faz melhor, já que como o @fastos2016 comentou o sistema não. broken copy-paste into and from clipboard. Wayland marche bien sous gnome, il n'est pas abouti mais je n'ai toujours pas eu de bugs. The output in one step is the starting point for the following step. We will not modify the geometry anymnore, but several sensitive detectors and hits classes have been added to the setup. Intel Core i7 1065G7 DXVK 1. It is like expecting comparable performances in a virtual machine and native install of an OS. Kristian Hogsberg, Red Hat Xorg developer and the key person behind successful projects such as AIGLX, has now started working on a new project called Wayland, a tiny display server and compositing manager. Fixed several libnvidia-egl-wayland. That's probably the better side of a year (though we are seeing initial support from some DE's (KDE 4. So that makes me create this detailed tutorial on best Linux desktop environment. Uses Wayland instead of Xorg. Yup, xorg vs wayland. How to Configure X11 in Linux. x release of sway. Synaptic Package Manager is installed and working in both Wayland and Xorg. That new display server is Wayland. 10 (Karmic Koala) and newer: sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop. Org Foundation elections; late Christmas gift: freedesktop’s Xorg for MeeGo; X Census (for 1. after restarting you will get the Wayland option on GDM. Wayland — protokół systemu okien wraz z towarzyszącą mu biblioteką go implementującą stworzoną dla systemu Linux w języku C. "'X is Network Transparent. Org X server -- evdev. Do not use Xorg -configure anymore: it is recommended to let Xorg auto-configure itself. The display server is directly moved into the Compositor (that is KWin) and clients connect to this server through a Unix socket. XWayland välisovellus on X-palvelinsovelluksen versio, joka renderöi Wayland-rajapinnalle sallien taaksepäin yhteensopivuuden olemassa olevien. If it suddenly changed to xorg+wayland at this late stage, wouldn't that represent a risk for people like me because you would suddenly be shipping a less well tested setup? Comment by Martin G, 2019-05-10 comment 3 @Martin G, that's an interesting perspective. I annonceringen af den kommende 18. Wayland是一個通信協定,規定了顯示伺服器與其客戶機之間的通信方式,而使用這個協定的顯示伺服器稱為Wayland Compositor。 它由Kristian Høgsberg於2008年發起,目標是用更簡單的現代化視窗系統取代X Window System。 Wayland協定的參考實現稱為Weston,由Wayland專案組使用C語言開發。. Wayland is not endorseed at intel, but at xorg where some intel's employeers work. 11, RebeccaBlackOS, Arch. That's right - after sway 0. I was referring to the re-implementing the semi-synchronizing timer solution we're using right now on wayland vs. It'd make sense for Valve to wait until proprietary drivers has the necessary support, and until the major DE's has Wayland fully integrated, and maybe even until the Wayland/Mir battle has played out. Then, since the problem with Teamviewer wasn’t solved, I restarted my computer to see if this will help. Debian's apparently defaulting to Wayland for gnome3, something I could care less about, while Xorg remains on the throne for others(de/wm). I am using Gnome on Xorg, I want to uninstall other desktop environments (Ubuntu, Ubuntu on Wayland) is it possible? I uninstalled Unity as well. Sorry if I'm getting some of this wrong. Fast OS - 30 Jun 19. The mouse works. 22, I'm having problems with my icons, my desktop icons/folders and some applications that don't support wayland. 10 both use X as global default (though you can install Wayland). Wayland offers many benefits over the X display server such as dealing with bottleneck between clients and Linux kernel. You can choose to run GNOME in X11 by choosing the Gnome on xorg option in the session chooser on the login screen. Like most free software projects it is loosely. Wayland is a protocol for a compositor to talk to its clients as well as a C library implementation of that protocol. I'm about to build a new desktop workstation with gaming on the side, using a 2700x and likely an AMD gpu. It is like expecting comparable performances in a virtual machine and native install of an OS. 2 LTS guest on a Windows 8. (Wayland vs Xorg). Name Package Homepage Description. De uns anos para cá, graças ao logind, o Xorg pode rodar como usuário normal. X11 vs Wayland. 12: 리눅스가 게임플랫폼? 리눅스에서 게임하는 이야기 그리고 SteamOS이야기 (2) 2014. Technically, Wayland is not a replacement for the X server by itself—Wayland only defines the way in which such a display server should talk to those applications. That’s the same display server used on Ubuntu 16. To install the Gnome desktop on Ubuntu server Edition enter: For Ubuntu 9. As more and more Linux distributions are moving away from the legacy X. xorgのツイート。アピスは、ショッピング、ニュース、画像、動画などエンタメ情報満載!. Where the Wayland libraries are all about IPC, Mir is about producing a library to do the drudge work of a display-server-compositor-window-manager-thing, so in this way it's more like Xorg than Wayland. But then, the experience in the Xorg session is just so much better. 405 mb vs 450 mb, perhaps because xorg is running in parallel for login window. That is the extent of general knowledge, although that doesn't stop people talking - which is why Daniel Stone, a long-time developer of. 7+16 armhf X. Tech — Fedora 25: With Wayland, Linux has never been easier (or more handsome) Wayland is quite slick, and Fedora even addressed its biggest weakness—the update process. [2] Ele foi inicialmente projetado por Kristian Høgsberg, líder do projeto AIGLX, como um substituto ao X Window System. Wayland is not very stable when compared with Xorg, as it is relatively new. Today I've released sway. In his latest blog post, titled "Premature publicity is better than no publicity", he writes:. I'm not in charge of anything but from this position, it seems like we're still a metric Nvidia away from getting real traction. sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg-video-fbturbo This blew up due to the dependency on xorg-video-abi-23. custom spaces between and around windows. Wayland VS X - Some Perspectives The Linux world has been very talkative for the last few weeks with the news that Ubuntu plans on switching from the classic X server to Wayland for it's graphics environment. CISC war back in the 90's, and that back when Linux kernel was first developed, it is arguably inferior to the MINIX kernel in terms of technological advance and architectural design). Skip navigation Sign in. Fast OS - 30 Jun 19. The reason that TeamViewer is not working properly on Fedora 25 is because Fedora is using by default Wayland instead of Xorg. One of the main new features in Ubuntu 17. Wayland est le successeur de Xorg et est approuvé et en partie développé par l'équiêpe de xorg qui est d'accord pour dire que Xorg n'est plus assez adapté niveau fonctionnement inter (30 d'existance) et est trop difficile a continuer de maintenir. Debian provides more than a pure OS: it comes with over 59000 packages, precompiled software bundled up in a nice format for easy installation on your machine. That is the extent of general knowledge, although that doesn't stop people talking - which is why Daniel Stone, a long-time developer of. Wayland is enabled by default in the GNOME Desktop. KDE and GNOME are getting there. At least one input and one video driver are required for Xorg Server to start. (12-05-2019, 03:23 PM) danielt Wrote: There should be no problems running Xorg on panfrost if you happen to prefer that over one of the Wayland compositors. Xorg (screenshot 2) tolls the same amount of RAM, and the processor eats 3-4% of its full power. Fresh Music by Download Songs MOBILE. Wayland development is also much more active and if Debian opted to go with it I'm okay with it, too. Kristian w odpowiedzi na zainteresowanie mediów stwierdził, że nie jest to nowy X-serwer, lecz nowy serwer wyświetlania, zaznaczając jednocześnie, że projekt jest jeszcze młody i niedojrzały [9]. d configuration files, auto-detection, and fallback defaults. But for now I decided to have Fedora with open source nouveau driver as my primary workhorse distribution, and dual-boot to Ubuntu or SolusOS with proprietary NVidia drivers for Steam and maybe some other 3D games. By the looks of it, history is repeating itself once again. Sway is a tiling Wayland compositor and a drop-in replacement for the i3 window manager for X11. AFAIK GTK4 will be Wayland-only and out in a few months, and some bleeding edge distros such as Fedora already run Wayland out of the box, except if you have NVIDIA, because Xwayland is still crap under nv; but not for long, apparently there's some rumours and intention to improve the nv/xwayland situation, just nothing concrete out yet [1]. 2 • wayland dealbreaker (by linuxista on 2019-09-16 02:56:26 GMT from United States) Gnome on wayland is somewhat crashy, whereas Gnome on Xorg is rock solid. I'm about to build a new desktop workstation with gaming on the side, using a 2700x and likely an AMD gpu. The output in one step is the starting point for the following step. It should be possible to select Xorg instead of Wayland, on the login screen. Wayland is a simpler, modern Xorg-sever replacement that is, to quote its official website, “easier to develop and maintain”. 1: In Xorg sessions everything was one frame laggier than in Wayland sessions "The issue was caused by scheduling the next frame too early most of the time (opposite of the previous issue. 2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. 10が出た当初は日本語が対応していないという理由で確実に使わなかった.しかしWayLandのmozc日本語対応したんですね. This is why redshift doesn't work in Wayland. Hi there, check this out GNOME is the default which uses Wayland. Wayland marche bien sous gnome, il n'est pas abouti mais je n'ai toujours pas eu de bugs. Wayland will remove a lot of complex facts and will make the work easy. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Basically most games use XWayland so most comparison are Xorg vs Xorg under Wayland. org and tried to run kodi on wayland as standalone app. Xorg seems to be a fairly big problem because Android hw producers usually don’t provide X drivers at all and that makes the porting effort a show-stopper for hardware which otherwise run Android very well. Supports most of i3's features e. I'm about to build a new desktop workstation with gaming on the side, using a 2700x and likely an AMD gpu. Although it was once common to make changes to your X11 configuration, Xorg now automatically configures all hardware and settings. So we'll have to see what part of the much higher score is part of the Mali-G52MP GPU, and which part is the use of Wayland over Xorg/X11. Org session. So we’ll have to see what part of the much higher score is part of the Mali-G52MP GPU, and which part is the use of Wayland over Xorg/X11. Sway allows you to arrange your application windows logically, rather than spatially. It basically copies the buffers of the client on the screen. In fact it is same to me if kodi is running on X. Intel Core i7 1065G7 DXVK 1. Sorry if I'm getting some of this wrong. Wayland surely has superior technology and design, but those don't necessarily mean much for the general users today (remember the RISC vs. 12 release has support for Wayland and the GNOME shell. sway-bar, swaylock, and swaymsg. Kernel mode setting on the nvidia-drm module has been disabled by default for various reasons. Basically most games use XWayland so most comparison are Xorg vs Xorg under Wayland. Wayland marche bien sous gnome, il n'est pas abouti mais je n'ai toujours pas eu de bugs. The libinput package should already be installed as a dependency of any graphical environment you use that has Wayland, and no additional driver is needed. They are used to communicate between graphic instances and remote terminals. Or, how about everyone else stays committed to Xorg and keeps all the neat features that apparently I don't need, or so the Wayland supporters keep telling me. Where the Wayland libraries are all about IPC, Mir is about producing a library to do the drudge work of a display-server-compositor-window-manager-thing, so in this way it's more like Xorg than Wayland. This benchmark should be entitled XMir vs Xorg…. 2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Is this application using Wayland or Xorg?¶ xprop or xwininfo program can be in Wayland to check if an application is using Xorg or Wayland: the mouse cursor becomes a cross only and only if the application is used Xorg (X11 API). Also, it incorporates some of the tasks of the window manager, which in X is a separate client-side process. This article describes the basics of Xorg keyboard configuration. pacman -S xorg-server. I read that Plasma 5. This manager will manage the compositing work by itself. Wayland Compared To The X Display Server. The biggest difference between the Xorg and the Wayland is that Wayland doesn't do any drawing. It's a replacement for much of X11, the protocol. However, it's possible to enable X11 under Fedora. First of all, make sure you have updated your Arch Linux system. after restarting you will get the Wayland option on GDM. 0" when Xorg 7. With the -s or --sleep-interval (default is 1 second), you can adjust the sleep interval between the iterations. Security in Wayland-Based DEs Privileged Clients, LibWSM and Security UIs Steve Dodier-Lazaro s. [email protected] I've been running GNOME Wayland on Arch on my dual-gpu laptop for a while now, and really love the lightweight performance of Wayland compared to Xorg. Isto, porque tenho a necessidade de usá-la do modo mais produtivo possível durante o trabalho com os artigos, vídeos, testes, VM's, etc. wayland nix zu tun, sondern mit dem Treiber. In this release, GNOME defaults to using the Wayland display server instead of Xorg. Posted Feb 15, 2013 18:11 UTC (Fri) by nix (subscriber, #2304) []. Hos nogle linuxdistributioner er jeg stødt på en diskussion om hvorvidt Wayland eller Xorg er bedst. 20 no longer supporting synaptics Showing 1-34 of 34 messages. I am using wayland on Ubuntu 17. I skimmed through htop and found a /usr/bin/Xorg running and no process named "wayland". uk Martin Peres martin. It also means that there are more than one display servers available. GNOME’s Vino remote desktop server was left behind when GNOME transitioned their desktop from the X compositor to Wayland. Client applications use a protocol library such as libX11 for sending and receiving commands to the X server. Merge them to avoid code and data duplication. After updating, reboot Arch Linux to apply the latest updates. Intel Core i7 1065G7 DXVK 1. : Plasma by KDE is a powerful open source graphical desktop environment for Unix workstations. I was referring to the re-implementing the semi-synchronizing timer solution we're using right now on wayland vs. org X Display Server? The short answer: a lot. Reproduced also despite this doesn't look specific to wayland this time (F23 Workstation with waylandenable=false in /etc/gdm/custom. GNOME Classic is a traditional desktop layout with a similar interface to GNOME, using pre-activated extensions and parameters. If you do need the Xorg display server for compatibility with certain software or hardware, it's still there. 24: 리눅스 한글사용 관련 문제 (0) 2014. 10 , ubuntu , wayland , xorg. Wayland offers many benefits over the X display server such as dealing with bottleneck between clients and Linux kernel. Install Xorg. Pop!_OS vs Ubuntu – What's the Difference? Videos Pop!_OS vs Ubuntu – What's the Difference? 1 min read. The only workaround at this point is to switch back to Xorg instead of Wayland. I was referring to the re-implementing the semi-synchronizing timer solution we're using right now on wayland vs. By default the Ubuntu 20. The evil afterall is Canonical that in this delicate phase of transition choose to not help the development of wayland. Wayland tries to put it all back together in a simpler (more efficient) way. I've been running GNOME Wayland on Arch on my dual-gpu laptop for a while now, and really love the lightweight performance of Wayland compared to Xorg. If wayland solves a problem for you then you'll know about. Then I thought perhaps the change from Wayland from X. Tak či onak jde o čísla, která znamenají (na Radeonu RX 580) plynulou hratelnost. Fedora with NVidia on XOrg (not on Wayland) worked ok for me (F26, 25 and earlier). "Wayland is just a protocol" - there's no wayland binary on your computer like there is an xorg binary. 我修改了题目,把「xorg」改成了「X」。因为 Wayland 要解决的问题不是 xorg 这个具体实现的问题,而是 X 这个标准的问题。 详细的细节,我一是也无法面面俱到。就做个类比,抛砖引玉。Wayland 和 X,就类似于 Unix kernel 和 Java VM 的区别。. In the case of Xorg applications, no changes in the applications or widget toolkits are needed as the XWayland support is enough. But on default session it is. It appears that FreeBSD Weston patches are on the way. Which can be remote with X. As you can switch to a different tty and run weston-launch there it's also possible to run xorg and weston simultaneously.